tv DW News PBS May 31, 2016 6:00pm-6:31pm PDT
grexit this is dw news coming to you live from berlin -- fresh warnings in the fight against terrorism. troops like islamic state are as dangerous as ever. we will hear about the effort to tackle women and young recruits as a major terrorism conference gets underway in berlin. also, modern slaves -- 46 million people around the world face extreme exploitation. we will ask an expert how slavery can still exist in the 21st century. in sports, the euro 2016 -- there's one major surprise. we will tell you about that
coming up on the program. good to have you with us. tonight, more stark warnings about the dangers of terrorism. the state department in the u.s. has issued a travel alert for all of europe, saying events like the football championships are at a high risk of terror attacks. earlier, the french president said terror was the biggest threat to the turn in. this comes as 300 experts attend a major counterterrorism conference here in berlin. how -- one concern is the growing radicalization of women and young people. reporter: sophia is only 15 years old. in february, she stabbed a policeman in the neck at a train station. investigators want to find out whether she was acting on orders
from the so-called islamic state group. she had earlier than in turkey and syria. it was thought she was in touch with an islamic state fighter there. a young girl as a suspected terrorists -- that is a new phenomenon. >> the radicalization of this young girl when she was 11, her brother was a foreign fighter and their mother was in despair. reporter: investigators say islamic state is increasingly calling on followers to commit attacks in europe. more than 4500 young people in europe have already gone to fight for islamic state. they may stand out with their sophisticated propaganda, but young extremists tend to be indoctrinated by their families or friends. that is why states want to do more to stop young people from becoming extremists in the first place.
>> prevention is crucial. prevention means focusing on where the risk of radicalization is particularly great and where people lack prospects and opportunities come aware they lack guidance or an orientation toward a peaceful coexistence. reporter: authorities want to do more to help youngsters who return distraught i what they have experienced. the aim is to reintegrate them and help find a place in society. sarah: the united nations says the so-called islamic has been using civilians as human shields in the battle for the iraqi city of falluja. they are trying to recapture the u.s. stronghold which has been held for two years now. the iraqi military says it reported a four hour counterattack by islamic state fighters on tuesday. falluja is the last area controlled by the group.
its capture is a key strategic goal for the government in baghdad. in afghanistan, talib has killed 16 people and attacked dozens more. it's just the latest attack to the war-torn country. the ongoing fight for control continues to force a huge number of afghans to leave their home. right now, it is estimated some two point four 6 million people have left the country. a report by amnesty international has shed light on the number of refugees living inside afghanistan. it says 1.2 million people are internally displaced, and double the number of just three years ago. in 2012, the figure was half a million and the germanic increased him and straight how fighting between the taliban and then government is spreading. most people have been seeking shelter in the capital but as
the number increases, the resources available have shrunk. >> this way has lost his father. he was on board one of the buses ambushed by the telegram. anyone venturing onto the road is in danger of eating targeted. it was from here that this woman and her children fled. now they live in a camp for displaced people. >> we arrived one year ago. there was fighting in our village and we lost all of our belongings. food is scarce. often, all they have is rotting vegetables. for the thousands living here, it is a daily struggle to survive. a makeshift camp -- these children are among the lucky ones. many have to work to put food on the table.
>> there was fighting in jalalabad. our school and homes were destroyed by the bombs. we were forced to leave because of talib and and islamic state militants. we have come here to continue our lives. the afghan government claims that some have fled because of disasters but the islamic state claims it is violence. >> it is related to conflict displacement. these are people who have been up rooted and have had to leave their homes because of long-standing conflict. reporter: the organization says crucial aid money has been diverted away from afghanistan in recent years. meanwhile, children here are forced to live without a proper roof over their heads. sarah: now we want to bring our
guest into the show. she is the amnesty international south ages -- south asian director. what's behind this dramatic rise in internally displaced afghans? guest: the key factor leading to this dramatic rise in numbers is conflict. the 1.2 million that has been documented -- these are people uprooted solely due to crisis and conflict. it does not include those who have been returned from pakistan or the eu and does not include those who have and displaced due to natural disasters. it is based on conflict alone. sarah: being there on the ground, what are the implications for afghan society? guest: it is difficult to have a million citizens who have been uprooted and leave their families behind for top what we
see is there has been a germanic explosion in numbers since 2012. now we are looking at over a million because of a rise in recent conflicts. in afghanistan, you have many displaced communities and some of them we have spoken with are people who have been displaced from earlier conflicts and some have an displaced for over a decade. sarah: after spending billions waging this war in afghanistan, has the international community of and and afghanistan mark guest: i think it is fair to say the international community could do more. when we saw the troops withdraw at the end of 2014, this idea that the job has been done and there's no need for us to be involved is simply not true. the taliban controlled more territory than they have done that any point since 2001.
this is still an active conflict. to say this is no longer our responsibility is to the detriment of what is needed here. it's not just those affected internally, but those huge numbers of refugees leaving the country as well. sarah: thank you very much. from the modern refugee crisis to a historical one that dominated the headlines of the late 1970's and early 80's, the point of the so-called the enemies boat people. it was founded in response to those after the war and was credited to rescuing thousands of people in the dangerous waters. now the founder has died at the age of 77. reporter: he studied theology
and spent time working as a journalist. one news story in particular caught his attention. it involved the fate of vietnamese boat people. they found few countries willing to take them in. in 19, he founded the aid organization to rescue them. the group save the lives of more than 11,000 people from an uncertain fate adrift in the south china sea. he went on to assist the needy and the repressed all over the world. in 2014, the ngo celebrated its 35th anniversary. in his later years, he continued to speak out on humanitarian issues, advocating for the rights of the underdog. recently, he added his voice to those supporting help in the
refugee crisis. >> we aim to be a people friendly society, so it is important we give them guidance from the very first day. reporter: but it is images like this one that he will be remembered for most fondly. he received numerous prizes for his humanitarian work. he was 77 years old. sarah: washington has called on north korea to stop actions that increase tensions in northeast asia. south korean officials say it was the fourth failed ballistic missile launch since april. the test was slammed as a serious, provocative act. reporter: images of a missile task -- missile test broadcast on state television and carried out under the watchful eye of kim john kuhn just weeks ago.
-- kim jong-un just weeks ago. the south korean defense ministry says pyongyang has done it again. >> north korea tried to launch a missile and we believe it failed. south korea is not the only nation on high alert. the country's media say the missile in question was medium-range, which would allow it to target japan. they say they have all of its military prepared to shoot down projectiles just in case. >> the government has great interest in developments regarding missile related at duties. we are constantly as and analyzing information. we have not detected any incoming missiles and it has not affected our national security. reporter: the tests and attempted launches have resulted in severe sanctions being imposed on the country.
but, so far, that has proven an ineffective deterrent. sarah: authorities in thailand have removed 40 tigers from a buddhist temple that is also a popular tourist site. another 90 seven are set to be removed this week after animal-rights groups accused the monks of mistreating animals. they have denied the allegations and said they are not letting the tigers go without a fight. reporter: the tranquilizer has done its job and now this majestic creature is ready for transport. workers from the parking or dr here to take custody of the big cats. they say it's the beginning of a better life for the tigers. animal-rights activists and prosecutors accuse the caretakers, a community of nudist monks of abuse and illegal wildlife trafficking. but the monks are not letting the tigers go without resistance.
>> we have had to result -- resort to legal measures. still, they have managed to obstruct us in other ways like letting the tigers roam free to make our work harder. the work is set to continue all week until the tigers are removed from the temple. amid the ongoing raid, the temple has continued to do business, charging tourists money and poses for photos. the temple says the tigers are peaceful because of their handlers kindness. riddick's say they have been cap docile with drugs and punches to the head. sarah: you are watching dw news. still to come, a revealing look inside the crumbling venezuelan health system. once a source of pride, it has
been hit hard by mismanagement and plummeting oil revenues in the country. that is coming up after the break. >> what do you think? what do you get for $.50? >> for $.50? not a lot. >> did you know it cost $.50 to feed one hungry child for one full day? >> incredible. >> with the share a meal app, you can share your meal with children in need with just $.50
and a tap of your smartphone. smartphone users outnumber hungry children 20 21. imagine the impact you and your friends can have. together, we can end global hunger. download the act. -- download the app. sarah: welcome back. you are watching dw news. dw news could face suspension from a key international body after the head of the organization of american states called for an emergency meeting. they will examine whether the latin american country broke rules on upholding the country. the president has come under pressure to step down as the economy has slumped radically. opposition leaders have called for a referendum to get rid of the socialist leader. venezuela has the world's worst inflation rates and a chronic's wordage -- chronic shortage of
goods. reporter: this little girl has cancer. a tumor is spreading through her head. her mother takes her to the capital, a 12 hour us right from their home. she gets chemotherapy here, but sometimes it is not available. we have to speak up and say we need chemo for the children. the venezuelan health system is crumbling, even though the country has the against oil reserves in the world. a hidden camera shows bathrooms with no running water. a more with no electricity for refrigeration. many rooms are dirty, even filthy. important medications and that meant are lacking. venezuela cannot afford to import them. >> there are not enough doctors
scrubs or syringes. we don't have the tools to do reporter: doctors say the number of cancer deaths is rising because they are forced to delay treatment. there are reports of newborns dying because of the lack of equipment. as long as venezuela 5 -- venezuela possible initial crisis shows no sign of ending, there's no hope that patients will get better treatment. sarah: turning to another story -- governments worldwide are not doing enough to tackle slavery. daniel winter from our business desk is here with a new report. daniel: a new study shows almost 46 million people worldwide are forced to work as slaves. if double the estimate of the international labor organization. almost every country has laws against slavery but not enough
is seeing done to hold businesses to account. >> stripped of their rights, exploited and abused, working in the democratic republic of the congo's mines are hell on earth, forced labor without any pay at all. modern slavery has many faces and is more wide red than generally understood. these asian fishermen have been through hell as cap on ship, so-called c slaves, forced to work without pay. but they are lucky and survived. more than half of people on the slave index live in five countries. the largest number live in india were nearly 18.5 lead people our list it as slaves. many are forced to serve as domestic slaves. after india comes china, pakistan, bangladesh and use pakistan. the country with the highest
number of slaves per a -- per capita is north korea. but there are incidences of slaves in 167 countries. a study says the number of slaves worldwide has risen sharply due to improved data the ring. it's based on interviews carried with 42,000 people. daniel: let's dive deeper into this topic to discuss this. it is shocking that in 2016, we have tenwhat kinds of condition contribute to slavery in the worst affected countries? guest: slavery is often blamed on two factors. one is poverty, the other is criminality and organized crime. there is more often a consequence of a contemporary
economy. it is opportunistic evil and unscrupulous practices. this includes businesses. they take the opportunity to exploit others for their benefit. that pretty much guarantees its impunity. daniel: is creating stronger anti-slavery laws enough? guest: law is a good starting point but no law is going to change behavior or people. first and foremost, the law needs to be implemented and rigorously him force. if not just a matter of anti-slavery legislation, it's a matter of policies. we have legislation that the fact no legalizes the slavery. it is the migrant domestic workers visa and is legislation
that ties workers to employees and puts them at the mercy of exploited employment. there are laws that enable it as well as those that prohibited. we need to make sure that all the laws are not only implemented better not undermining slavery efforts -- anti-slavery efforts. daniel: does it mean that unless you wipe out poverty that this is going to remain a sad fact of life in these countries? >> poverty is part of the problem and that is true. but quite often, what is hidden is the more fundamental truth. it is the fact that those subject to prejudices are excluded from access to rise.
it is migrants in western europe or children or women anywhere in the world. daniel: thank you very much. turning to business news, in april, u.s. consumer spending recorded it biggest increase since 2009. the commerce department reported a 1% gain, well above expectations. however, the data is slightly softer with spending likely to remain with strong gains in house prices and a strengthening labor market pushing up wages. we've been following this story from new york. it seems that consumer spending is up data is coming in showing consumer confidence is low. what are we to make of this?
reporter: on one side, we have reported increased in spending in several years because the previous model was flat. for the last six months, consumer spending has then little and it seems spring has become the perfect time for the consumer. on the concrete inside, there was some less view of the labor market that could the considered a hiccup that as the next rate hike approaches and geopolitical risks like the >> it arises, consumers will feel that as well. daniel: thank you for that. that is all from the business desk. sarah: i have some sports news -- germany cost 23 man squad for the euro 2016 is set. among the cuts made, one big surprise.
the star midfielder will be watching instead of playing. reporter: coaches often have to make tough roster cuts. it's part of the job. >> the following cuts have been made -- [rating names] will not join us in reporter: france. the fact that wasted not make the cut is not shocking. he missed out on the 2015 world cup due to injury. the injury bug has struck again. >> the medical staff could not give a clear prognosis. he still has massive injury problems. they were skeptical about his ability to last the coming weeks. it's a bitter decision because marco royce in top form would be a big asset for our team.
reporter: the coach has squad finalized -- a balanced mix of young and old. gomez is the only true center forward. the coach has plenty to choose from in the midfield ranks to positive medical reports. >> they are both able to play in the tournament. he's in full strength and will start joining with the team. it will still take a couple of days. both will take part in attornment. reporter: the countdown is on. the team has one more friendly before the matches that count. germany kicks off the campaign on the 12th of june against ukraine. sarah: a reminder of the top story we're following this hour -- germany's interior minister has called her a stand against violent ideologies, a major anti-terror conference in berlin
>> euro max highlights. and here is your host. >> greetings from berlin and welcome to our highlights edition. a wonderfully mixed bag as usual with these topics. double trouble. the hahner twins are germany's fastest female marathon runners. flower power. a peek into cordoban courtyards at the fiesta de los patios. and number crunchers. data cuisine aims to make statistics easier to digest. catalan architect antoni gaudi was apparently unruffled when asked about delays in the building progress of his masterpiece, the sagrada familia. my client is not in a hurry, he's quoted as saying.